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Full text of "Wellesley news"

toeUeden Colleae 






VOL. UV 



WELLESLEY, MASS., DECEMBER 6, 1945 



NO. 10 



Choir Sings 
Yule Music 
At Vespers 

Congregation Will Enter 
Informal Carol Service 
Sunday, December 9 

Christmas Vespers, traditional 
service of the Wellesley College 
Choir under the direction of Miss 
Margaret Macdonald, will be held 
in the Chapel Sunday, December 
9 at 8 p. m. The program of varied 
Christmas music which includes an 
antiphonal chorus by the Madrigal 
group, solos and organ selections, 
will be as follows : 
From Heaven Above to Earth I 

Come — Bach 
Two Christmas Carols, In Natali 

Domine, Psallite Unigenito — 

Praetorius. 
Christmas Carol of the Pifferari — 

Neopolitan air, arr. by Miss V. 

Glaser. 
While by My Sheep — 17 Century 
Hymn arr. by Mr. Hinners. 
He is Sleeping in a Manger — Polish 

Carol, arr. by E. H. Geer. 
On Christmas Night — Sussex 

Carol, arr. by E. B. Greene. 
Two French Carols, les \.nges dans 
nos Campagnes, Noel Vouvelet — 
Soprano Solo — Barba.a Chaplin 
'47. 
Ding-dong: Merrily on High. Or- 
gan-Pastoral Symphony from 
The Messiah — Handel, arr. by 
C. Hoist. 
Three Carols, Masters in this Hall, 
Now Let Us Sina. Let All Mortal 
Flesh Keep Silent — Soprano solo 
— Dorothy Rose '48. 
To My Humble Supplication — 

Hoist. 
Organ Postlude, Halleljuah Chorus 
from The Messiafi^-Handel. 
An informal carol service in 
which the congregation will join 
in singing will be held the morning 
of Sunday, December 10, instead of 
the usual service. The choir will 
give a few selections at that time, 
o 

Barn Will 
Give Unique 
Claudel Play 

Paul Claudel is more than a 
dramatist— he is a philosopher. To 
understand fully The Tidings 
Brought to Mary, which Barn is 
producing tomorrow and Saturday 
nights, one must understand Clau- 
del the philosopher. 

As Barbara Rogers '46, Head of 
the Drama Committee, explains: 
"Claudel's ideals, reflect Chris- 
tianity's most profound intellectual 
and spiritual teachings. He repre- 
sents the present trend in litera- 
ture — going through a hell on 
earth and returning inevitably to 
•he Religious answer, the answer 
which he believes should be the 
basis of our political, social, and 
economic cures for modern so- 
ciety." 

Barn has been anxious to try this 
play here before "a college audience 
because it is the sort of poetic 
drama which is important but is 
not Broadway box office material. 
Andre Gide has remarked, At 
present there are two kinds of 
I'lays: the one kind is not played 
but it is important, the other is 
Played but it is withouf impor- 
tance." Claudel's plays, Gide be- 
lieves, are important. 

Claudel, who was for a time am- 
bassador to the United States, has 
carried on three careers. The one 
landing nearest the world is that 
°f a diplomat, his external career, 
"he other two merge. One is 
that of a playwright who has 
"bewed an absolutely new path in 
Modern plavwriting;" the other 
l bat of n philosopher and religious 
"tatesmun. His dramas have been 

failed "poetic arsenals against the 

modern world," and as such they 
ontinued on Puffc !„ Col. 3) 



World Federalists, at a Na- 
tional meeting at Cleveland, 
adopted the following plat- 
form : 

World Federalists call for 
establishment of a federal 
world government, either 

by proposing drastic amend- 
ments to the United Nations 
Charter, or 

if that fails, by a world con- 
stitutional convention, or 

by any fair and realistic 
method that gives promise of 
bringing all peoples together 
in one world, under the protec- 
tion of a federal world gov- 
ernment. 
World Federalists believe: 

1. That the only alternative 
to world anarchy is world 
government. 

2. That there can be no 
permanent peace without jus- 
tice, no justice without law, no 
law without institutions to 
make, interpret, and enforce it. 

3. That only a world gov- 
ernment, federal in form, rest- 
ing on limited powers, dele- 
gated by the sovereign people, 
can successfully combine nec- 
essary control of world affairs 
with self-government in na- 
tional affairs. 



Concert Series Presents 
Budapest String Quartet 




Budapest String Quartet 



Verse Choir to 
Present Yule 
Recital Friday 

The Wellesley Verse Speaking 
Choir will give its 12th annual 
Christmas program Friday, Dec- 
ember 6, at 4:40 p.m. in the Chapel, 
under the direction of Miss Cecile 
de Banke, Chairman of the De- 
partment of Speech. 

The program is built around 
the three church festivals of 
Christmas: The Advent, the Nati- 
vity, and the Epiphany. Each of 
these three divisions is designed 
to create a different mood. The 
first, the Advent, is sorrowful and 
has for its theme, "No Room at 
the Inn"; the Nativity will pre- 
sent the joy of the world at 
Christ's coming; The Eprpnany 
will tell of the Star and the Kings 

gifts- «., , e 

Selections from the Bible, from 
sermons of the early Christian 
fathers, and from an Elizabethan 
manuscript will be included in the 
program as well as old ballads 



Dr. Horton to Outline 
Conditions in Japan as 
Observed During Visit 

Dr. Douglas Horton will speak 
on "Impressions of Japan Today" 
on Tuesday, December 11, at 8:00 
p.m. in the college chapel. The 
talk will be under the auspices of 
the Faculty Lecture Committee, 
Christian Association and the 
Mayling Soong Foundation. Dr. 
Horton has just returned from a 
three-week visit in Japan where 
he went with three other promi- 
nent churchmen to re-establish 
contacts with Christian leaders in 
Japan. He plans to describe con- 
ditions as he saw them during his 

visit. , ... . 

Except for a weekend trip to 
Korea, Dr. Horton spent most of 
his time in Tokyo. As chairman 
of the American Committee for 
the World Council of Churches, 
' he has traveled widely in Asia, 
Africa, and the Near East. Dr. 
Horton is minister of the Gen- 
eral Council of Congregational 
Christian Churches and is the 
author of "Out of Life, A 

Legend of the Grail, Taking a 

City" and "The Art of Living 
Today." 



Noted Ensemble to Give 
Program in Alumnae Hall 

The Budapest String Quartet will 
give the second concert in the Wel- 
lesley concert Series this evening 
in Alumnae Hall with a program 
including Mozart's Quartet in F 
major, Beethoven's Quartet in B 
fiat major. Op. 130, and a new 
quartet by Darius Milhaud. 

The Quartet made its American 
debut at Cornell University in De- 
cember, 1930. During the first sea- 
son, their twenty concerts won the 
acclaim of the public and critics 
of New York City. For the last 
five years, the Quartet has given 24 
concerts each season under the 
sponsorship of the Gertrude Clarke 
Whittall Foundation in the Library 
of Congress, an internationally rec- 
ognized center for chamber music. 




Verse Speaking Choir 
And Choir Give First 

Joint Christmas Service Their recorded performances for 

Victor and Columbia sell on the 

Mrs. Horton will lead the Sun- 
day Morning Christmas Carol 
Service which will be given by the 
Verse Speaking Choir and the 
Choir in the Chapel Sunday, De- 
cember 9, at 11 oMock. This carol 
service will not only be Wellesley's 
first Christmas Carol Service on 
Sunday morning, but will be the 
first joint program of the Verse 
Speaking Choir and the Choir. 

The program will consist of 
scripture reading by the Verse 
Speaking Choir and carol singing 
by the Choir and congregation. 
The Verse Speaking Choir, under 
the direction of Miss Cecile de- 
Banke of the Department of 
Speech, will recite passages from 
St. Luke. Alice Rolph '46 will give 
a solo reading of the prophesy 
from Isaih and passages from St. 
Matthews. 

The musical program will be di- 
vided into three sections based 
upon readings which deal with the 
prophesy, the approach of the 
Sheperds and the Nativity. "We 
are following the plan that was 
used in the past for the Choir 
Vespers Service of Christmas 
Music, with the choir singing a 
few anthems and the congregation 
joining in the singing of the 
carols," explained Miss Margaret 
Macdonald, Director of the Choir, 
who is planning the program. 

Both the Choir and the Verse 
Speaking Choir will present indi- 
vidual Christmas programs. The 
Choir will present its Christmas 
Vespers Service Sunday evening at 
8 p. m. The Verse Speaking Choir s 
semester program will be given 
Friday, December 7 at 4:40 in tne 
Chapel. 



News takes great pleasure 
in announcing that the follow- 
ing reporters have been added 
to the editorial staff: Jane 
Paul '47; Dorothy Oerting 48; 
Ruth Ferguson '48; Marion 
Ritvo '48; Mary Harriet El- 
dredge '49; Judy Wolpert 49. 
Rose Helen Kopelman 49; and 
Marv Louise Kelly '49. 



Miss de Banke and Verse Speaking Choir 



h 

im 

I th 

I it 

I ca 

L 



and carols, and modern poetry such 
as T. S. Eliot's "The Rock." Alice 
Rolph, '46, will give a solo read- 
ing from Isaiah and St. Matthew. 
Miss de Banke, who has planned 
the program and trained the choir, 
has long been interested in chorus 
speaking and has written two 
short texts on the subject, "The 
Art of Choral Speaking" and 
"Choral Speaking in the English 

Course." Since . * he ™ u *? r $tf 
the Verse Speaking Choir at Wel- 
leslev 12 vears ago many kng- 
ISh y aml American poets have 
shown interest in the project, rwo 
o them. May Sarton and Theodore 
Spencer, have dedicated poems to 

the choir. . #«»«!. i< 

The Verse Speaking Chon is 



divided into parts called dark and 
light voices corresponding to the 
soprano and contralto parts of a 
singing choir. Light voices are: 
Constance Kruger '47; Mary Lou 
Maclsaac '46; Marilyn Pearson 
•49; Barbara Reade, '47; Alice 
Rolph '46; Mary Root '47; Ruth 
Wanamaker '47; Joyce Weisman 
'IT; Doris Welch '49; and Roberta 
Wyman '48. 

Dark voices are: Barbara Bar- 
ker '48; Barbara Barnes 48 J 
Yvonne de Potter. '46; Dorothy 
Harris '49; Marian Lathrop jti 
Krilyn Melvoin '48; Dorothy 
Pritchett '17; Dorothy Rose 48 
Patricia Taylor '49; and Gertrude 
Thompson '17. The organist is 
Margaret W. Bates 48. 



Elections Of 
Class Officers 
Begin for '49 

With the election of freshman 
major officers before Christmas 
vacation. 1949 begins to fulfill its 
official functions as a class. Mrs. 
Charles Kerby-Millcr. Freshman 
Dean, will introduce the candidates 
for finals to the class at tea on 
Monday from 3:30 to 6:30 at 
Tower Court, following the pri- 
maries now in progress in the dor- 
mitories. At the second class 
meeting of the year— the hist be- 
ing the memorable occasion Of the 
Grey Book test— the class will east 
its final ballot. The class meeting 

(Continue! on Page 4, Col. 3) 



average of 300,000 records a year. 

The Quartet at present is com- 
posed of Josef Roisman, first violin, 
Edgar Ortenberg, second violin, 
Boris Kroyt, viola and Mischa 
Schneider, violoncello. Before join- 
ing the Quartet, these artists had 
gained fame as outstanding virtu- 
osi on their respective instru- 
ments. 

The history of quartet playing 
goes back to the 18th century when 
Hungary's Prince Esterhazy hired 
Franz Joseph Haydn to write quar- 
tets and symphonies for him. To- 
day quartet playing has become 
a distinct profession, demanding 
highly trained specialists with 
years of experience and intense 
musical training. The Budapest 
Quartet practices three hours a 
day, and all disputes about inter- 
pretation are put to a majority 
vote. 

Acclaimed by music critics the 
world over as the finest perform- 
ers of quartet music, the Budapest 
group is noted for "its subtle team- 
work, an almost incredible match- 
ing of tone, and a flawless inter- 
pretation of the works of the great 
masters." 

o— 

Barn's Winter 
Production to 
Be Miracle Play 

Barnswallows* second presenta- 
tion of the season, The Tidings 
Brought to Mary, a religious play 
by Paul Claudel, will be given 
Friday, December 7, at 8 p.m. in 
Alumnae Hall. 

Marilyn Melvoin '48, will play 
the role of Violaine. the simple 
peasant girl who was destined to 
become a saint. Gertrude Puccia 
'47 will take the part of the 
wicked sister, Mara; and Martha 
Richardson '46, will play the role 
of the mother. Other WeHesley 
students in the cast are Grace 
Gere '49, Rita Rogerson 49, Leon- 
ore Harlowe, '49, Murial Bowe, 49, 
.lean Donald '48, Phyllis Wendo- 
ver '47, and Mimi Gilchrist 47. 

Henrv Robbins and Roger John- 
ston, members of the Harvard 
Dramatic Club, will play the roles 
of Pierre and Jacques, respectively. 
Sterling Leneer, Professor of Eng- 
lish at Harvard will take the part 
of Anne Vercours, and Mr. Her- 
bert Ellison will be the mayor. 
Mr. King and Mr. Creole, of Wel- 
lesley. will be cast as the work- 
men. 

In contrast to Barn's first .play 
of the season the comedy. Blithe 
Spirit, The TUHngs Brought to 
rfary is a dramatically intense 
miracle play, set in the Middle 
Aees It is particularly appro- 
priate to the Christmas season. 



WELLESLEY COLLEGE NEWS, DECEMBER 6, 1945 



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Martha Nicholson 



PEARL HARBOR INVESTIGATION 

In the midst of her struggle to solve the prob- 
lems of peace, America has taken time out to 
investigate the cause, of a four-year-old mil- 
Zy disaster. Many fear that the Pearl Har- 
bor' hearings will sidetrack more immediate 
problems. Seen in its proper perspective, how- 
ever, the investigation is justifiable as a test 
both of our political alertness and of our polit- 
ical maturity. . . 

The Pearl Harbor investigation is justined 
,f we feel that it is a part of the machinery 
of democracy to which we must give a portion 
of our attention without letting it detract our 
attention from the major problems which con- 
front us. It is not justified if we use it simply 
as a means to find a scapegoat for our own 
blindness in the years before Pearl Harbor. 
No one who did not make his opinions known 
to his Congressmen in those years has a right 
now to condemn the course pursued by our 
government. Similarly if we are not alert to 
today's problems, we are but hypocrites if in 
ten years we criticize the way they were solved 
without us. Authority in a democracy works 
from the bottom to the top, not vice versa. 

Both those who did "write to Congress" and 
the minority party, however, have every right 
to question the politics of the majority. In a 
politically mature democracy, of course, this 
criticism will be an attempt to strengthen the 
ibility of the majority and to prevent 
i mistakes from recurring. A democratic 
investigation has established the fact that the 
administration did not deliberately invoke Jap- 
anese aggression, but, realizing that such ag- 
gression constituted an inevitable threat to our 
and to our Becurity, attempted to 
avoid a break while | Heparin- the country for 
defense. Whether or not these plana were effi- 
ently executed is a valid subject for criti- 
The military phase of the investigation 
revealed both faulty liaison between W 
ington and the aimed forces, and among the 
forces, and the inadequacy of our military in- 
telligence, The way in which we receive and 
utilize tl cte will be the test of our polit- 

rity. The way in which we judge 
aiilar problems of today will be the test of 
our political alei o 



A CHRISTMAS TO REMEMBER 

We are going home next week to the bright- 
est Christmas in four years. It will be the 
genuine old Christmas but in a sobered world 
It will be in a world in which the thinking of 
each person is significant. In the coming vaca- 
tion we will find the opportunity to relate our 
ideas developed at college to the lives and 
thoughts of people other than those on the 
campus or in the newspaper limelight. 

The significance of the first hundred days of 
the past-war period lies not in what we have 
actually accomplished but in how many of our 
previous determinations we have held, despite 
difficulties and stalemates. There has been a 
recent spurt of vigor in regard to UNO; the 
President has stated his hope that UNO will 
lake over in three months. More recent arti- 
cles have been stating the possibility and neces- 
sity for a sane understanding with Russia. All 
these are healthy and hopeful indications. Those 
who advocate pushing UNO to a still stronger 
organization have already served to strengthen 
the determination of men and women for some 
strong world organization immediately. 

At Wellesley these first three months of col- 
lege in peace time have been marked first and 
foremost by the return of our president. It 
has been stimulating for all of us to have Mrs. 
Hort on actually here on campus, to have her 
appear at dormitories for dinner, and to work 
with her on the various organizations. More- 
over inasmuch as the energy and tone of the 
immediate post-war period is crucially signifi- 
cant for the future, Wellesley students may 
feel that they have rallied to the times. We 
are in college at a time when the various col- 
leges have been becoming aware of what other 
colleges are doing and have been eager to work 
together as student movements. On campus 
new groups have been started under Forum on 
the initiative of the students. Constructive 
questionnaires distributed by a number of or- 
ganizations demonstrate their preparations for 
serious action. Service Fund held a successful 
and significant drive. Although this is not the 
end of the semester, we are off to represent 
Wellesley and youth in all parts of the country 
and even beyond it. It is an exciting mission. 



Beyond the Campus 



Virginia Guild '46 



President 



As the Japanese war criminals 
go on trial, they have nearly the 
most authentic, irrefutable, ready- 
made defense all prepared for them 
by the venerable Congress of the 
United States. The judges will be 
obliged to acquit them all if Con- 
gress succeeds in the task it has 
been so diligently pursuing for the 
past weeks. The "innocent" Jap- 
anese on trial will be able to de- 
fend themselves by reading to the 
court from the documents of our 
legislature that the United States 
started the war. They were wick- 
edly and mercilessly pushed into 
acts of war in the purest self-de- 
fense. _ 

Aside from making us foolish 
idiots in the eyes of the world 
and especially in the eyes of our 
former enemies, this performance 
in Congress is an unflattering dis- 
play of American politics at work 
on "the next election. The tactics 
being used are familiar, but this 
time, they seemed to be aimed 
squarely below the belt. The at- 
tempt to smear the name of a 
man who literally died in the serv- 
ice of his country, prosecuting to 
his utmost the war he had seen 
coming, for which he had tried to 
prepare despite the step-by-step 
opposition he received from the 
very men who have been accusing 
him (when he is no longer here 
to defend himself), strikes many 
as being the lowest form of morals, 
politically and otherwise. Despite 
his inability to be on hand to de- 
fend himself, the name and mem- 
ory of President Roosevelt have 
been well able, in itself, to with- 
stand all attack. They haven't 
proved a thing on him. They 
only succeed in proving how right 
he was, — and how wrong they were. 
This unswerving attempt to find 
a specific scapegoat on whom to 
blame not only Pearl Harbor, but 
the whole war, becomes increas- 
ingly ridiculous as the investiga- 
tions continue. The answer to the 
responsibility for the war has 



of Forum 
been and becomes more and more 
obvious. It is a collective respon- 
sibility, with causes and blunders 
and misjudgment generally on the 
part of the nation and the 
world— many of which go back at 
least before the reign of those 
being accused. The story of '.hese 
mistakes is valuable not for the 
political purpose of laying the 
blame on one party's leaders, 
thereby insuring the election of the 
opposition in 1948, but as a guide 
for future _policy. One is tempted 
to wonder how much the stem 
critics of the present administra- 
tion will profit by its mistakes 
and if they will do only that which 
would keep the nation forever in 
the paths of peace. To be sure- 
all these marvelous things can be 
accomplished by isolationist oppo- 
sition. 

During the war one came to 
believe that an Isolationist was as 
obsolete as a Free Soiler, but the 
old spirit seems to be creeping 
back into the mouths of some very 
articulate gentlemen in Congress. 



As this column is being com- 
posed, we are wondering how Gov- 
ernor Tobin and his committee 
plan to explain away the snow 
problems of their nomination for 
the center of the United Nations 
Government. Fond as we may be 
of Boston, we submit that she 
should make a better deal with the 
weatherman before she subjects 
the citizens of the world to the 
whimsy of Boston wind, snow and 
rain. If that fails, wonders might 
be accomplished in the way of 
clearing away snow by machines 
that consume it (wonders can be 
accomplished anyhow, notice how 
somehow the Wellesley paths are 
all cleared out before 8:40). At 
points in the traffic jams that trail 
in after the snow, one wonders 
if there isn't still a little too much 
of the attitude once expressed by 
the mayor of Boston, "God gave 
it; let Him take it away." 



LAST MINUTE RUSH 



CLASSES ON DECEMBER 13 

On Thursday, December 13, Chapel will be held at eight 
o'clock. 

The first 'lass will start at 8:25 and each class there- 
after at 25 minutes past the hour. The last class will be 
dismissed at 3:15. 

This arrangement is being made in the effort to avoid 
dangerous hoste in getting to the railroad station. 

Kathleen Elliott, College Recorder 



'Nineteen more shopping days until Christ- 
may" the cheerful voice on the radio tells us 
and we groan and mentally throw up our hands 
in the despairing gesture of a drowning man 
and sink into our bottomless sea of despair. 
Not only are the family and friends whom we 
must shop for and Christmas card lists which 
are still just lists, but there are boxes to be 
packed for service men and children in Europe, 
dolls to be dressed and stockings to be filled 
for hospitals and welfare centres, and on top 
of it all quizzes, papers and all the routine 
college activities which seem to increase rather 
than abating as the holiday season approaches 
We thought without exams before Christmas 
that this year we would have lots of time to 
get into the Christmas spirit but we decide 
we might just as well be having exams there 
is no more time to shop and wrap than there 
ever way. So we rush madly around making 
ourselves perfectly miserable and waste valu- 
able time telling our tale of woe to anyone who 
will listen. We feel so sorry for ourselves and 
self pity is Vitamin Bl for problems — it makes 
them grow and grow. 

We might just as well realize now as later 
that we are never going to have enough time 
to enjoy life, and if we did wc probably would'nt 
use it but would be bored to death. It isn't 
how much time we have, it's our attitude to- 
ward living that is important. Mrs. Horton 
said in chapel this week that a wise person is 
a happy person. Christmas i a happy time 
and it doesn't take any longer to enjoy packing 
our boxes or doing our Christmas shopping than 
it does to make a chore of it. Everything 
always gets done in the end, and ten days from 
now we will have forgotten what seems to be 
a crisis today. But if we can live today with- 
out forgetting to laugh we will have gathered 
a little wisdom which will be much more val- 
uable to us than the facts for the impending 
quiz. 



FREE PRESS 



The Editors do not hold them- 
selves responsible for statements 
in this column. 

All contributions for thts column 
must be signed with the full name 
of the author. Initials or numerals 
■will be used if the writer so de- 
Contributions should be in the 
hands of the Editors by noon 
Saturday. Owing to space limita- 
tions, letters should be limited to 
two hundred words. 



Editors: 

Through the kindness of News, 
I want to thank everyone who 
has helped in preparing boxes for 
the destitute children of Le Havre 
I have had over 50 of these and 
am deeply and sincerely grateful. 
This result is due to the cooper- 
ation of the Heads, students and 
employees of many village houses, 
of faculty members at Horton 
House, of Heads, students and 
employees of houses on the 
campus (certain Halls sending an 
amazing amount), and of kindly 
individuals, sometimes anony- 
mous. All this has been done 
with touching spontaneity and 
enthusiasm. 

If any person has been omitted 
from this list, I trust I shall be 
forgiven. Any and all should 
realize that this is a great serv- 
ice for it will mean that these 
poor little souls will not only 
have a bite of food and a toy or 
two, but the realization that in 
this hard world someone is think- 
ing of them. 

C. de Monnni 



Dear Editors: 

"You're a transfer? What ever 
made you choose this place?" This 
was one of the first remarks made 
to me this year when I arrived 
at Wellesley. Such a negative 
viewpoint still confuses me. I had 
always planned to come to Wel- 
lesley because of its many ad- 
vantages. I haven't been disap- 
pointed by the cultural opportu- 



nities offered to me) and the girls 
couldn't have been more friendly, 
but my enthusiasm has been con- 
siderably dampened by the con- 
stant complaining I hear every- 
where I go. Even though I have 
to work harder than I did, I can 
find nothing that merits so much 
superficial "griping." With this 
prevailing attitude I even worry 
about having my mother visit me. 
Having written her how Welles- 
ley has filled my expectations, I 
wouldn't want her to be disillu- 
sioned by this Wellesley spirit. 
... I love Wellesley and I think 
that essentially the other girls do 
too; so why must there be this 
unusual amount of complaining in 
one of the best women's colleges 
in the world? 

A Perplexed Transfer 

o 

To the Editor: 

It is hoped that many of the 
seniors who received the recent let- 
ter from the Alumnae Association 
concerning Alumnae rings read it 
with a slight shock. 

The letter stated in part: "To the 
people you meet this ring stands 
for a degree from Wellesley and 
distinguishes you as a person who 
has attained a high goal, as a 
member of a small, outstanding 
per cent of the women of the 
world." 

Such advertising enthusiasm 
might be excused if it came from 
Dieges and Clust, the ring manu- 
facturers, but it didn't — it came 
from the Alumnae Association. 
Perhaps it is a small matter, but 
it is typical of a very undesirable 
and rather dangerous attitude on 
the part of some people whose op- 
portunity it has been to attend col- 
lege. 

The letter displays rather baldly 
the common idea that attending 
and completing college is m itself 
a "ood and admirable feat, and the 
most desirable "goal" for everyone. 
It ignores the fact that some oi 
our classmates in high school have 
(Continued on ''age 6 ,Coi. -fj 




Students Offer 
Hints in Recent 
EducationQuery 

Results of Questionnaire 
To Be Evaluated Soon, 
Reported to Faculty 

Incomplete returns show that 
approximately 450 upperclassmen 
and 85 Freshmen have returned 
the questionnaire recently sent out 
by the Student Education Com- 
mittee. The purpose of the ques- 
tionnaire was "to find in what 
ways the student body views the 
suggestion made by last year's 
committee, to receive suggestions 
and comments, and to stimulate 
thought and discussion," said 
Alice Birmingham '46, Chairman 
of the Education Committee. 

Analysis of the final results will 
be based upon classes and on the 
basis of the present distribution 
of Groups. A report of the analy- 
sis will be given to the Faculty 
Committee on Education under 
the direction of Miss Virginia 
Onderdonk, and to Miss Ella Keats 
Whiting, Dean of Instruction, for 
consideration. 

In the analysis more emphasis 
will be placed on the Junior-Sen- 
ior vote than on that of the un- 
derclassmen because the commit- 
tee feels that they have "more 
experience, and a better under- 
standing of the issues involved, 
though the individual suggestions 
of the Freshmen and Sophomores 
will be given close consideration," 
said Alice. The final report of 
the committee on the question- 
naire will be printed in the first 
issue of News after the Christ- 
mas vacation. 

Suggestions on the distribution 
requirements of Groups I, II, and 
III as well as on the specific top- 
ics of the Language Reading Ex- 
amination, Hygiene, Sports, Eng- 
lish Composition, and Speech were 
presented in the questionnaire 
which urged students to consider 
each suggestion "not as an iso- 
lated question, but with reference 
to your idea of the meaning of a 
liberal education." 



WELLESLEY COLLEGE NEWS, DECEMBER 6, 1945 



NOTED 

FOR THEIR CUTE 
CLOTHES 



Dance Group Will Again 
Present Spring Concert 

Miss MacEwan, Margie Caldwell Are Glad To Be 
Back in Alum; Look Forward To Tree Day 

Enthusiastic members of Dance 
Group, back in Alum after a two 
years absence, are now deep in 
plans for reinstating their tradi- 
tional spring program. As ex- 
plained by Miss Charlotte Mac- 
Ewan, Faculty Adviser, and Mar- 
ine Caldwell '46, Head of Dance 
Group, this program was not given 
during the war because of the col- 
lege's crowded schedule. 

Choreography tryouts for the 
spring program are going on this 
week and the program, Miss Mac- 



the great responsibility towards 
Tree Day that it now does, Miss 
MacEwan continued. In the last 
few years, however, the tendency 
has been to elect a member of 
Dance Group to the vice-presi- 
dency of the Senior Class, as the 
senior vice president is tradition- 
ally head of Tree Day. This year's 
head of Tree Day is Fuzzie Glass- 
enburg, a member of Dance Group 
"It thrills me," said Miss Mac- 
Ewan "to think that the girls do 
completely by themselves." Many 




Dance Group 




Ewan emphasized, will be made 
up of "short, individual composi- 
tions" and will not depict a story. 
"The members of Dance Group 
present the ideas and do the chore- 
ography for the most part, al- 
though apprentices are welcome 
to compose, too," she explained. 

"Tree Day is Dance Group's big- 
gest job," Miss MacEwan con- 
tinued, explaining how the train- 
ing of the group leads toward each 
member's being able to handle the 
dancing in this pageant. There- 
fore, some original work is re- 
quired even for tryouts for mem- 
bership in the Apprentice Dance 
Group. After an Apprentice has 
served for a year, she is eligible 
to try out for the Dance Group 
which includes only those who 
have finished the apprenticeship. 
Trying out for this consists of two 
things. One i s to compose and 
perform an individual dance; and 
the other is to do the choreography 
for a group dance, teach it to six 
or more people and direct it. If 
the apprentice passes this test, 
she becomes a member of Dance 
Group. "And that is one way 
that the group directs its activity 
towards Tree day," concluded Miss 
MacEwan, "for a girl must be able 
to inspire and direct a large group 



people do not realize that Miss 
MacEwan does not work out chore- 
ography for Tree Day or help stu- 
dents with the dances. 

When the Wellesley College 
Dance Group was organized, it 
was called "Orchesis" after the 
original dance group at the Uni- 
versity of Wisconsin, which is 
Miss MacEwan's alma mater. "But 
we had to change the name be- 
cause there was too much confu- 
sion with Orchestra. They'd index 
Orch and a group of musicians 
would turn up for dance rehearsal," 
laughed Miss MacEwan. 



Spinoza's theory of universal 
love was being explained in Perry's 
Phil class the other day. In the 
middle of the discussion a sopho- 
more raised her hand and asked in 
a puzzled voice, "But does that 
mean that you love everybody?" 

"Yes," answered the professor 
and started on to the next point. 

More perturbed than ever the 
sophomore raised her hand again 
— "But then how do you ever 
know who to marry?" 



CuLue Sfew 

lifetlesloy Quincy 



4 




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superb gifts for the lady-on-your-list . . 
*plus tax 



Forum Offers 
Second Letter 
To The Editor 

Because the World Federation let- 
ter originally distributed for sub- 
mission to local newspapers by the 
student body has oroved cumber- 

?2 me J n , J ength f ° r its Purpose, 
the World Federation Committee 
presents the following shortened 
letter. It is strongly urged that 
students who have not yet sent a 
letter to their newspapers use this 
form to do so at once. It would 
also be valuable if students who 
mailed the original letter would 
second it by sending in the new 
letter. 
Dear Editor: 

The following message, signed 
by two-thirds of the members of 
Wellesley College, was recently 
sent to President Truman: 

We are much disturbed at the 
prospect of a new armaments 
race resulting from our present 
policy concerning the atomic bomb 
as implied in the May-Johnson bill. 
We feel strongly that this govern- 
ment should immediately bring 
about the establishment of a world 
federation with exclusive control 
of the atomic bomb. 

By a world federation, we mean 
a practical application of the fol- 
lowing beliefs: 

1. That the only alternative to 
continued world anarchy is 
world government. 

2. That there can be ho perma- 
nent peace without justice, no 
justice without law, no law 
without institutions to make, 
interpret, and enforce it. 

3. That only a world government, 
federal in form, given enumer- 
ated basic powers by the sov- 
ereign people of the world can 
successfully combine necessary 
control of world affairs with 
self-government in national af- 
fairs. 

The United Nations Organiza- 
tion, in its present form, is on the 
verge of making the same bitter 
mistake as was made by the League 
of Nations, in attempting to recon- 
cile world government with individ- 
ual state sovereignty. The danger- 
ous nature of this belief is enor- 
mously increased by the existence 
of a weapon which Albert Einstein 
tells us can destroy two-thirds of 
civilization. It is essential that we 
immediately voice our beliefs by 
urging our respective governments 
to either propose drastic amend- 
ments to the United Nations Chart- 
er, or if that fails, to call for a 

(Continued on Page 4, Col. 1) 




'Ji«a 



Wellesley's 
Poets Win 
Competition 

The National Poetry Association 
has accepted the following poems 
of Wellesley students for publica- 
tion in the 'Annual Anthology of 
College Poetry: "Fabric of my 
Heart," by Gloria Ross '46, "The 
Light" by Mary Glore '49, "Son- 
net" by Adrienne Ahlgren '48, 
Carolina Hillside" by Robin 
Jones '47, and "Waiting" by June 
Wilkins *49. 

Gloria Ross, a major in Dolitical 
science and book critic for News, 
has been writing poetry since high 
school. Though she is very interest- 
ed in political science and has done 
work in the State Department in 
previous summers, she hopes to 
continue in the future with poetry 
and other forms of writing. 

Robin Jones and June Wilkins. 
other high school poets, have both 
contributed poems to the Poetry 
Association previous to this year. 
June's poems have appeared in the 
Anthology of High School Poetry 
published by the Association and 
Robin's Poem "The Necklace" was 
published in last year's anthology. 

Aside from her enjoyment of 
reading poetry, Mary Glore says 
S e had never tried writing until 
this fall, when in response to the 
contest sponsored by the Poetry 
Association, she wrote "The Light." 

The Anthology is a compilation 
of the finest poetry written by 
college men and women of America 
representing every state in the 
union. Selections are made from 
thousands of poems submitted. 
o- 

U.S., European 
Socialism To Be 
Discussion Topic 

The International Relations Club 
and Domestic Affairs group of 
Forum will hold a joint meeting 
today at 3:40 in the C. A. Lounge 
to discuss trends in Socialism in 
England, France, and the United 
States. The discussion will point 
out the measures which these 
countries have already taken in the 
direction of Socialism. Pat Heil- 
bronn '48 will discuss the measures 
in the United States; Fairlie Max- 
well '48, in England: and Barbara 
Potter '47 in France. 



IN WELLESLEY 




FRESH PAINT . . . $3.50 plus 20% tax 
by Harriet Hubbard Ayer 

Chic and functional gadget to end those ex- 
asperating hunts for lip-rouge, brush, mirror. 
All three are now combined in one case 
called FRESH PAINT. 

Choice of four Harriet Hubbard Ayer fashion- 
right shades — True Red . . . Flag Red . . . 
Ayer Pink . . . V-Red. 



WELLESLEY COLLEGE NEWS, DECEMBER 6, 1945 



Papashvily Begins Career 
In America as Dishwasher 



by Baum Rosencranz '47 



Co-Aothor of Best-Seller 
At Length Settles On 
Philadelphia Farm 

"But I am one of persons like 
a hundred millions," protested 
George Papashvily, co-author with 
his wife of the best-seller Any- 
thing Can Happen. "We should 
not be talking about me." His ex- 
periences, however, tell a different 

story. 

Twenty years ago the Georgian 
landed in New York without a 
penny. He had spent his last dol- 
lar to rent a roll of bills to con- 
vince the immigration officers of 
his financial independence. On his 
first day in New York he found 
and lost a job as a dishwasher. 
"Such glasses. Thin bubbles set 
on stems," he said. Then he was 
given a nickel and sandwich. He 
spent the nickel to buy peanuts 
to feed the squirrels in the park. 

In quick succession Mr. Papash- 
vily worked in a garage, a silk 
mill, and a statue factory. When 
he tried to make the plaster camels 
look a little more like camels in- 
stead of cows he found himself 
fired again. But he was never 
daunted. "America," he told your 
reporter, "is a country where you 
won't get lost. You find all races, 
find people who have been through 
the same thing, who sympathize. ' 

In Pittsburgh Mr. Papashvily 
was hired as a strikebreaker, but 
quit in indignation when he found 
the nature of his job. Again, in 
Detroit, he left his job in an auto- 
mobile factory when he saw other 
men beine fired. "It seemed a 
shame to keep my job longer when 
men with families needed it." 

Then he made a hilarious trek 
to California in a Ford truck 
loaded with a Russian family and 

World Federation - 

(Continued from Page 3) 
tional convention. 

We urge the people of (name of 
your town) to join with millions 
throughout the world in making 
known their desire for a world 
federation. Write your congress- 
man and talk with your friends to 
this effect today. If a federal 
world government is to be created 
it is the force of public opinion that 
will make our country create one. 
Sincerely yours. 



all their belongings. After play- 
ing the part of a Cossack in the 
movies for some time. Mr. Papash- 
vily decided he could have stayed 
in Russia and practically been one, 
so he quit that job too. 

While he was selling lunch boxes 
near San Francisco, the National 
Guard became one of his steady 
customers. One day he stopped 
for a little target practice with the 
boys, impressed them with his 
sharpshooting, and won $27.50. 
Before he knew it, he had joined 
the National Guard. 

While in California Mr. Papash- 
vily met and married Helen Waite, 
a graduate of the University of 
Southern California who owned a 
little bookshop in Berkeley. He 
vowed with a twinkle in his eye 
that he impressed her because at 
the party where they met he drank 
more and yet was more sober than 
anyone else. 

Mr. Papashvily and his wife 
wandered about the country for 
a while, at last to settle down, 
if that term can be applied to 
this fun-loving couple, on a farm 
near Philadelphia. It was there 
that the Papashvilys wrote their 
book. "I wanted to tell every one 
about George and his friends. I 
wanted them to know that the 
Russians are a happy, joyous peo- 
ple — not a bit dour and sinister," 
Mrs. Papashvily explained. Both 
the Papashvilys want to see the 
world made one Home with the 
earth 'for a floor and the sky for 
a roof. As Mr. Papashvily says, 
"Life is serious except we can 
make it so pleasant. But we must 
make it pleasant. You girls should 
take interest in political world. 
You girls must help." 

Mr. Papashvily, who lived on a 
small farm in Russia, too, has no 
illusions that farming is a profit- 
able occupation. As he puts it, 
"You can't strike against a cow." 
However, he seemed anxious to get 
back to his "bit of America." 
After a lecture tour all through 
the mid-west, Mr. Papashvily, said, 
"I don't want to go anymore, any- 
where." 



Perry's nomination for the best 
arrival telegram of the year is 
that of the Navy man who docked 
in San Francisco and immediately 
wired a Claflin senior. "Corres- 
pondence course completed. Ready 
for final exam." 



3/0 %\&y> %%.. ...m %\\e f \^ 



O* 



Henri Bendel and his 
glamourous gift 
packages again . . 
those wonderful cos- 
metics and perfumes 
in oil his delight- 
ful fragrances, piled 
up and tied with gay 
ribbons and flowers, 
hidden in a Christmas 
bell or Sonta's sleigh 
or topped with a 
quaint ladies bonnet 
. . priced from 4.80* 

'tax included 




Faculty Awards 
'46-7 Fellowship 
To Miss Conant 

Miss Virginia Conant, Instruc- 
tor in Spanish, has been awarded 
the Faculty Fellowship for the 
year 1946-47. This fellowship is 
awarded annually to a member of 
the faculty who is not yet eligible 
for sabbatical leave. Miss Conant 
will work at the University of 
Michigan where she received her 
Master's degree. She plans to 
study specifically the works of 
Eugenio de Salazar who was one 
of the important figures and 
writers of the reign of Philip II. 
In the following year Miss Conant 
will resume her place in the Span- 
ish department at Wellesley Col- 
lege. 

The Faculty Fellowship for 
1945-46 is held by Miss Katherine 
Lever of the English Composition 
department. 



Miss Michael Writing 
Book About Americans 



"How long have I been at Wel- 
lesley?" asked Miss M. Ruth 
Michael, Assistant Professor of 
English Composition. "Well, you 
know, that's a hard question. You 
see, I never can remember." 

Miss Michael consulted briefly 
with Miss Michael, and decided 
that this is her seventh year of 
teaching Wellesley students the 
fine art of writing. "I love teach- 
ing," she said. "It's fun to see 
what's going on in other peoples' 
minds. And I like to feel that I'm 
really teaching people something — 
even if I have to make up some of 
the rules myself to do it." 

"Yes, I do more than study," she 
stated. "I've been faculty adviser 
of Service Fund for three years, 
and I've just become a member of 
Agora." Initiation into Agora was 
a big surprise, she said, for "I 




M. Melvoin and G. Puccia 



Barn Play- 



(Continued from Page 1) 
have strongly influenced many of 
the new writers of France. 

Making no effort to bring his 
plays to the attention of a "scoff- 
ing world," Claudel has never en- 
tered actively into the commercial- 
professional field. Nevertheless his 
plays have made their mark in the 
world. This particular play, Barn 
believes, is both timeless and time- 
ly. Timeless because it answers the 
eternal questions of why we live 
and die. Timely because these prob- 
lems come to the fore especially in 
confused, chaotic times, and be- 
cause Christmas — a deeply re- 
ligious season — is approaching. 

The Tidings Brought to Mary is 
a drama of life and of salvation 
in the most complete sense, tracing 
the rise to sainthood of a sincere, 
simple girl who has the capacity 
for great generosity and love. The 
story of Violaine's triumph over 
the living death of leprosy is sym- 
bolic of complete triumph over 
death. 

Claudel portrays each character 
as trying in his own way to reach 
God: Pierre builds churches higher 
and higher to attain his goal; 



Lost and Found 

Lists Articles 

For Last Time 

The following is a list of arti- 
cles now at the Info Bureau, all 
of which will be taken to the 
Thrift Shop if unclaimed before 

Christmas vacation: 

Books: 

Bible, Hebrew Bible, "Buddha 
& Buddhism," "Conversational 
Spanish for Beginners," 
"Great Experiments in Psy- 
chology," "F i r s t Spanish 
Reader," "Cicero," "Present 
Tense," "Oxford Anthology of 
American Literature." 

Plus a few notebooks, box Wel- 
lesley stationery, maps. 



Father Anne goes off to Jerusalem 
to be nearer God. But they all 
realize ultimately that only Vio- 
laine can really succeed. The 
glory is 'not to plant the cross 
but to mount upon it," Father 
Anne concludes. 

Emphasizing the distinct person- 
ality of each character is, Claudel's 
way of showing that the individual 
is important in his own right, in 
addition to having a higher signi- 
ficance in the eyes of God. Mara, 
Violaine's evil sister, has a great 
capacity for suffering because she 
is aware of her own sinfulness. 
Therefore she comes nearer to sal- 
vation than does Jacques, who re- 
fuses to recognize his evil doing. 

Since the scenery, the colors, and 
the lighting for this production are 
symbolic, the various committees 
have had unique tasks. For ex- 
ample, the costumes are all sym- 
bolic. Mara wears yellow to rep- 
resent sin; Pierre, red to show de- 
sire; Father Anne, the purple of 
dignity and wisdom; the mother, 
the mauve of passivity; and Vio- 
laine, light blue at first, gold later 
to symbolize her golden destiny, 
and black at the end — but black 
with a white light on it, a symbol 
of a radiant death. 



Class Officers - 

(Continued from Page 1) 
is in Pendleton Hall, Lecture room 
on Tuesday at 7:15 p. m. Tradi- 
tional announcement of the class 
officers will come Wednesday 
morning after Chapel on the steps 
of the Sophomore transept. 

This election follows the recent 
choosing of freshman house offi- 
cers: Beebe Chairman, Marion 
Brackenridge; Social Chairman, 
Jean Wheaton; Sec.-Treas., Connie 
Vose. Crofton Chairman, Mar- 
jorie Piatt; Social Chairman, Vir- 
ginia Herrman; Sec.-Treas., Mar- 
garet Mize. Dower Chairman, 
Jane Adams; Soc. Chair., Con- 
stance Barker; Sec.-Treas., Fran- 
ces Perry. Eliot Chairman, Molly 
Bishop; Soc. Chair., Helen Seager; 
Sec.-Treas., Elizabeth Merrill; Li- 
brarian, Lorelei Ladner. Elms 
Chairman Lindsley Clark; Soc. 



Chair., Anne Decker; Sec.-Treas., 
Patricia Knight. Homestead Chair- 
man, Cynthia K*. Smith; Soc. Chair., 
Patsie Logan; Sec.-Treas., Sally 
Hodgman; Librarian, Polly Par- 
dee. Joslin Chairman, Janet 
Rourke; Social Chm., Jean Ru- 
dolph; Sec.-Treas., Ruth Alice 
Derby; Librarian, Joan Fox. Lit- 
tle Chairman, Dorothy Harris; 
Soc. Chm., Elaine Hevener; Sec.- 
Treas., Harriet Murphy; Librarian, 
Dorothy Hills. Noanett Chairman, 
Ann Schroth; Soc. Chm., Claire 
Pfaelzer; Sec.-Treas., Wynn Ma- 
(Continucd on Page 5, Col. 1) 



wouldn't have dared apply." In ad- 
dition, she was this year's Junior 
Show Script Committee's unani- 
mous choice for faculty censor — 
"but only because I had lots of pals 
on the committee," she added. 
Writing Book 

The most important thing on her 
mind, Miss Michael disclosed, is a 
book she is now writing, concerning 
some of the ideas and people who 
shaped American development in 
all the arts from the period from 
the end of the Civil War to the be- 
ginning of the first World War. 
"You see," she continued, "Ameri- 
cans didn't know a great deal about 
the arts after the Civil War, and 
by 1914 they did. What happened? 
How were the arts popularized?" 

Finding the answers to those 
questions has already taken her 
four years of research and the 
work is just beginning, she said, 
declaring that she has no idea how 
much longer it will take her. "But 
it's fun," she remarked. "It's very 
interesting to me because I've al- 
ways wanted to find out why 
Americans are as they are." 
Came to Boston from Maryland 

Miss Michael comes from a small 
town near Baltimore, Maryland. 
She took her A.B. at Hood College, 
where she majored in English and 
Philosophy. "I didn't prepare to be 
a teacher," she disclosed. "I had 
no idea what I wanted to do. I 
think I must have been rather 
naive." 

She then went to Cornell for a 
Masters in Comparative Literature 
after which she studied philosophy 
at Columbia for a year — "a 
wonderful year in which I really 

saw plays and heard music and 

taught Latin at Newark Seminary 
in my spare time," she remarked. 
After that she went to the Robert 
Beach School, a college preparatory 
school near her home, and taught 
English for six years. Neither of 
those schools is now in existence, 
she said, adding, "I seem to kill 
off every school where I taught. I 
wonder how long Wellesley will 
last." 

It was there that she decided 
that she wanted to teach, so, she 
declared, "I came to Boston, think- 
ing it was the center of culture of 
the country, and settled down in 
earnest. I took my Ph.D. at Rad- 
cliffe, taught at Simmons for a 
while, and then came to Wellesley. 
And here I am, and I love it." 



C.A. Discusses 
Issues Revealed 
By Opinionaire 

Christian Association officers 
held their traditional C. A. Board 
weekend at Andover-Newton Semi- 
nary in Newton Center November 
10 to evaluate the organization's 
purpose and program. 

During a discussion period on 
Saturday, the various committee 
reports were submitted in an effort 
to reach concrete solutions of 
their problems. General problems 
resulting from the answers given 
on the C. A. Opinionaire, were also 
discussed. 

In response to the attention 
given lately to the suggestion of 
having a chaplain on campus, the 
Board submited its conclusions to 
the student-faculty committee on 
Chapel. It was decided that C. A. 
will not take a definite stand on 
any political or campus issues, but 
will present both sides of the ques- 
tion. 

Those attending the Board 
Weekend included Miss Virginia 

(Continued on Page 7, Col. U) 



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WELLESLEY COLLEGE NEWS, DECEMBER 6, 1945 



Gay, Amusing 
New Comedy 
Lively Fun 

Psychic Comedy Features 
Betty Field as Dreamer 
Gay and Extraordinary 

Despite occasional technical im- 
perfections, Elmer Rice's new 
play, Dream Girl, is a gay and de- 
lightful comedy. It does not at- 
tempt to be anything but what it 
is — a light, witty treatment of the 
subconscious life of a young 
woman who is given to living in 
a world of dreams when real life 
becomes too difficult to face. The 
plot is slight, but sufficient to hold 
the play together, and the acting 
is in keeping with the mood of the 
whole. 

Briefly, the story is concerned 
with Georgina, the twenty-four- 
year-old owner of ,a remarkably 
unsuccessful bookshop. For years, 
she has believed herself to be in 
love with her brother-in-law, and 
has evinced a lesser degree of in- 
terest in a middle-aged, married 
man with a vacation in Mexico on 
his mind. The one man in her life 
in whom she has shown no interest 
at all has been an outspoken book 
reviewer, Clark Redfield, whom 
she customarily addresses as "you 
great ape." It is not difficult to 
guess from the beginning that she 
will eventually fall in love with 
Redfield. For whatever suspense 
the play has to offer, therefore, 
we must turn to its dream-sec- 
tions, rather than to the plot it- 

* Dream Girl is so constructed 
that the greater part of the action 
takes place when the lights dim 
on real-life Georgina, and we are 
presented with charmingly im- 
probable, romantic scenes in which 
Georgina imagines herself as the 
star in a string of events in which 
her actual life serves only as the 
starting point. The characters who 
flutter around her in these scenes 
are usually the people she knows— 
(her father, brother-in-law or Claik 
Redfield, for instance), but then 
roles in her imaginary world se - 
dom bear any resemblance to their 
K temperaments or even voca- 

11 Arrlong the more amusing dreams 
is the one in which Georgina, af- 
ter havinff heard that her sister 
is about to have a baby, imme- 
diately sets about transposing hei- 
self into her sister's place The 
staee darkens momentarily, and 
we next see a large silken bed 
£ which a sweet-meined Georgina 
Hes surrounded by a pair of twins 
dressed in flamboyant satins. The 
doctor, (her father), speaks ; feel- 
intrly of the bravery she has ex- 
hibited during her recent ordeal 
and Georgians makes a courageous 
speech, filled with feminine forti- 
tude and maternal pride in re- 
sponse to his compliments Her 
husband, (the brother-in-law), gaz- 
es upon her in mute adoration and 
immeasurable gratitude. Unfor- 
tunately, at this point, the real 
(Continued on Page 7) 




Boston Institute Shows 
Art Forbidden by Nazis 

Originality, Foreign Influences In Painting 
Considered Dangerous Traits By Germans 

One of the most dramatic shows 



that has come to Boston recently 
is the exhibit at the Institute of 
Modern Art of The Forbidden Art 
of the Third Reich. Many of the 
paintings have little or no relation 
to the war or anti-Nazi subject 
matter, although the German mus- 
eums were forbidden to hang them. 
Under the Nazi regime, modern 
artists who displayed undue 
originality were considered dan- 



ists and segrating German culture, 
Hitler discarded Germany's most 
important claim to artistic great- 
ness since Durer and the Holbeins. 
Among the leading expression- 
istic painters in the current exhibi- 
tion is Franz Marc. His latest 
style, which is seen in Stables dis- 
plays stronger abstract character 
than his earlier works. The mag- 
nificent color harmony of this 
painting makes it stand out as 



Freshman Offcers - 

(Continued from Page U) 
son; Librarian, Carolyn Marshall. 
Norumbega Chairman, Margaret 
Averv. Soc. Chm., Joan Danner; 
Sw>-Treas Sally Brown; Librar- 
•fan j5£ Nev^ins Washington 
Chairman, Betsey Scherer; Soc 
Chm.. Alice Warner; Sec.-Tieas.. 
Marion Beatty; Librarian, Jeanne 
Minor. Webb Chairman, Betty 
Mete: Soc. Chm.. Pat Ruppert; 
Sec.-Treas., Mary Jane Shepaid. 
Wiswall Chairman. Lenore Hal- 
low; Soc. Chm., Jane Burrell; Sec.- 
Treas., Jean Lambert. 



COLONIAL THEATRE 

NATICK. MASS. 



Wed. - Thurs. - Fri. ■ SaU 

"KISS AND TELL" 

with Shirley Temple 

alto 

Warner Baxter in 

"CRIME DOCTOR'S 
WARNING" 



Sun. - Mon. - Tues. 

"GEORGE WHITE'S 
SCANDALS" 

will* 

Jonn Davis and Jack Haley 

also 

"PARIS UNDERGROUND" 

with 
Constance Bennett 
and Gracie Field 




Peggy French 
Is Soloist For 
Joint Concert 

The Wellesley College Orchestra, 
in a joint performance with the 
Harvard Orchestra, gave a con- 
cert Sunday afternoon, November 
25, in Alumnae Hall. Margaret 
French, '46, was the soloist in the 
Mendelssohn Piano Concerto, Op. 
25 which Malcolm H. Holmes, di- 
rector of the Harvard Orchestra, 
conducted. Harry Kobialka, who 
directs the Wellesley Orchestra, 
conducted Corelli's Christmas Con- 
certo and the Haydn Symphony 
No. 10S. Both Mr. Kobialka and 
Holmes welded the two groups of 
musicians into a smoothly working 
whole, so that technical facility 
provided a foundation for artistry 
of interpretation. 

The spirit of 18th century music 
was admirably captured in the 
opening selection. There is grace 
and charm in Corelli, and a sug- 
gestion of amiable laughter which 
was to be drowned out by the hum- 
orless magnificence of the 19th 
century, reappearing in modern 
music more frequently as satire 
than as genuine good spirits. The 
orchestra made no attempt to give 
the Christmas Concerto an emo- 
tional depth which was not there, 
but concentrated on making it a 
purely enjoyable work. 

The familiar Haydn Drum Roll 
Symphony was performed with 
warmth and livliness, and a keen 
appreciation of its rhythmic in- 
terest. More varied dynamics 
might have made the performance 
a more excitiner one, but on the 
whole the orchestra played with 
understanding and obvious enjoy- 
ment. . , 
The concert program achieved 
variety with the inclusion of the 
Mendelssohn Piano Concerto. Ex- 
cept for a certain lack of bril- 
liance, with Mendelssohn's preoc- 



New Novel 
Dramatizes 
Stalingrad 

Soviet War Correspondent 
Shows Russian Heroism 
In "Days and Nights" 

Days and Nights by Konstantine 
Simonov, translated by Joseph 
Barnes. New York, Simon and 
Schuster. 

bj/ Gloria Ross '46 

Konstantine Simonov's novel of 
the momentous defense of Stalin- 
grad has sold over 400,000 copies 
in Russia. Its first edition, pub- 
lished there before victory was as- 
sured, is said to have been sold 
out in two days. No wonder , for 
it tells the Russian people what 
they like to hear and what they 
needed to hear about themselves — 
that they were virtuous, heroic, 
and virtually invincible in the de- 
fense of their native soil against 
Nazi invaders. 

Comrade Simonov is one of the 
Soviet Union's outstanding war 
correspondents, perhaps the equiv- 
alent of the late Ernie Pyle. Since 
he left for the fighting front in 
June, 1941, he has been on the 
scene of the greatest battles in 
the vast Soviet theatre of war and 
has familiarized himself with every 
battle technique of both Nazis and 
Soviets. He is tragically familiar 
with the gamut of war-pitched 
emotions of the Russian people. 
He has already spoken of these 
eloquently in several battle re- 
ports: — No Quarter published sev- 
eral years ago in this country, and 
shorter works published at fre- 
quent intervals in the Soviet 
Union. 

Days and Nights is again an 
account of battle techniques, bat- 
tle heroism, battle love, battle 
the tradition of the theatre. Miss 
(Continued o n Page 7, Col. 1) 

cupation with the technical as- 
pects of this form warrants, 
Peggy French played with con- 
summate skill. The precision and 
(Continued on Page 7, Col. 2) 



Marc's earlier training was 
(Continued on Page 7, Col. S) 



Portrait of Albert Einstein by Josef Scharl 

gerous and those who had absorbedone of the finest works in the ex- 
foreign influences were persecuted hibition. 
for their degenerate art and lack 
of responsibility toward German 
culture. 

It is an interesting fact that one 
of the first activities of the 
Fuehrer in his German Culture 
Program was the suppression of 
creative freedom in the Reich, wis 
aim was to purify German art 
from foreign influence. What re- 
sulted under his artistic dictator- 
ship was a low grade of academic 
art with classical flourishes. The 
art was designed primarily for the 
greater glory of Germany and I Der 

Fuehrer. Such occurrences are not 

uncommon in the history of art. 

One is reminded of the herme 

and pompous art of the Empire 

Period and the propaganda value 

of the classical comparisons 

If the Culture Program of the 

Third Reich failed to produce an 

essentially German ait the prod 

ucts inevitably '.f te «J«\ * h * on '_ 

tellectual mediocrity of its spon 

sors. In suppressing the actmg 

of the leading German expression 



COMMUNITY 
PLAYHOUSE 

Ronald Colman - Madeleine Carroll 

"The Prisoner Of Zenda" 

Fred Astalrc - Glneer Borers 

"Top Hat" 



Sunday-Thursday December 9-13 

Frank Sinatra - Kathryn Grayson 

Gene Kelly - Jose Itnrbl In 

"Anchors Aweigh" 

March of Time's "18 Million Orphans" 



The Hit 
of the 
College 
Crowd ! 

Fisherman's 
Yellow 

Slickers 
$098 



3 



CIRCLE THEATRE 

Cleveland Clrole 
LON. 4040-4041 

Starts Thurs., Dec. 6th thru 

Dec. 12th — 7 Days 

Ed Gardner's 

"DUFFY'S TAVERN" 

Radio'- Rio. Show . J2 Slaw 

"JUNIOR MISS" 

Starring Pegpy Ann Garner 

BOND PREMIERE 

Monday Night, Dec. 10th 

at 8:00 P.M. 

Hedy Lamarr - Robert Walker 

June Allyson 

"HER HIGHNESS AND THE 
BELL BOY" 

— Plus — 

Selected Short Subjects 

Admission by Victory Bond 

only. ^_^_ 



ST. GEORGE 

3 UNO AT CONTINTJOU8 1:S0-U 
MATB . 8 »VM- « : »° CONTINUOUS 

Dec. 6-7-8-9 



Thurs.-Fri.-Sat.-Sun. 

Van Johnson and 
Esther Williams in 

"THRILL OF A 
ROMANCE" 

in 

in Technicolor 

Second Hit 

Basil Rathbone in 

"PURSUIT TO 
ALGIERS" 



The St. George will be 
closed from Dec. I Oth for 
two weeks 



A Gilchrist 
exclusive 

Buy now for 
Christmas gifts! 

Heove ho ... my 
hep honeys . . ■ 
and slip into o 
slicker when you 
have a dote with 
a downpour! A 
tried and true 
friend of the stal- 
wart G I o u c ester 
fishermen . . . Gil- 
christ's started the 
fod in Boston last 
fall! Now it's go- 
ing stronger than 
ever. You'll go for 
this yellow oilskin 
slicker with its big 
patch pockets and 
cotton corduroy 
collar. Write! 
Phone ! 

Sizes 10 to 18 
Matching Sou'wes- 
ter Hat 98c. 

Sportswear, 
Second Floor 




ilehrisfs 




I BOSTON 
QUIKCY.WALTHAM .BROCKTON 



GILCHRIST'S. Boston 2. Mass. 
Please send me the "Fisherman" 
yellow oilskin slicker at 3.98 r-j 
lints at 98c Q 

Size ...... 

Name 
Street 

City Zone State. • • 

CashQ Choree rj C.O.D. Q 
Sorry. No C. O. D.'s Under « 



WELLESLEY COLLEGE NEWS, DECEMBER 6, 1945 



Faculty Petition 
For Defeat Of 
Atom Bomb Bill 

Approximately 90 members of 
the Wellesley faculty and adminis- 
tration have signed a petition urg- 
ing the defeat of the May-Johnson 
Bill and advocating full public dis- 
cussion of a substitute bill. This 
petition, similar to the one recent- 
ly circulated by Forum, is a modi- 
fication of a resolution sent out by 
Dr. Harlow Shapley, of the Inde- 
pendent Citizens Committee of the 
Arts, Sciences, and Professions. 

Three copies of the statement 
have been signed and sent to Presi- 
dent Truman, Senator Brien Mc- 
Mahon, Chairman of the special 
Senate committee to study the 
May-Johnson Bill, and Joseph W. 
Martin, Representative from Wel- 
lesley. 
The petition in full follows: 
We, the undersigned members of 
the faculty and administration of 
Wellesley College, aware of the 
tremendous import of atomic en- 
ergy and atomic weapons to all 
mankind, believe that the security 
of the United States can be 
achieved only through international 
cooperation for the joint control 
of these new forces. We believe 
that a policy of secret research and 
exclusive national control can only 
result in a ruinous competitive 
armaments race in which all the 
nations of the world will join, lead- 
ing to the danger of a new and 
catastrophic world war. From such 
a war no people will emerge free, 
if indeed they survive at all. 
We therefore resolve and urge: 

1. That the United States, as 
the country that has opened 
the way for the development 
of atomic energy, should im- 
mediately invite the govern- 
ments of Great Britain and 
the Soviet Union to a con- 
ference to prevent competi- 
tive armaments and consider 
the problems arising from 
this overwhelming develop- 
ment 

2. That the United States cham- 
pion the need for interna- 
tional development with the 
broadest utilization of all re- 
sources and the widest free- 
dom of research and inter- 
change of ideas. 

We believe furthermore that any 
legislative effort which stifles free 
and open scientific investigation, 
which seeks to prevent public sur- 
veillance and criticism of the ap- 



1945 Wellesley 
Drive For Old 
Clothes Begins 

Thrift Shop Funds Assist 
Students, Townspeople 

The annual Christmas Thrift 
Shop drive starts today and con- 
tinues through next Thursday, an- 
nounced Helen Bemis '46, head of 
the Thrift Shop Agency. "We need 
the clothes and accumulated ar- 
ticles that you no longer need." 

Thrift Shop provides for two 
funds, Helen explained. The fund 
that concerns Wellesley is solely 
supported by student contributions, 
the proceeds from which are sent 
to Mrs. Horton to use at her dis- 
cretion. "It covers cases not 
covered by Students' Aid Society," 
she said. "For example, the 
Thrift Shop fund was used for 
plastic surgery by a student who 
was wounded in a serious automo- 
bile accident." 

A second fund, supported with 
money from clothes and other ar- 
ticles given by the townspeople, 
goes to the Wellesley Friendly Aid 
Society, which gives to clinics and 
provides for nurse care. 

Thrift Shop is now eighteen 
years old, Helen said. It began 
eighteen years ago over Liggett's 
Drug Store, and grew so in two 
years that it was forced to expand 
to its present location. The pur- 
pose of the organization, then as 
now, was to raise funds to give 
to the President of Wellesley Col- 
lege for the aid of students. 

plication of atomic energy will 
stifle scientific progress, undermine 
peace and is therefore harmful to 
the national interest. 
We therefore urge the Congress: 

1. That the May-Johnson Bill 
be defeated. 

2. That legislative action on a 
substitute bill for the con- 
trol of atomic energy be pre- 
ceded by full, free and pub- 
lic discussion. 



College Contest Alice Horton Attends 
Offers Writers World Youth Parliament 

$1500 in Prizes 



The apprentice dance group has 
recently chosen Deborah Bradley 
'49, Aileen Margolis '48, Amalie 
Moses '49, and Nanette Weisman 
'49 as members of the group. 

In order to become an appren- 
tice, each of these girls demon- 
strated several standard tech- 
niques of body movement and some 
original work in design and 
rhythm. 



"&u>/uc 



>> 



io/uc cft/te beacon. 





Trust Kimball to improve 

on nature . . . with mammoth flowers in 

ivid color on pastel or midnight 

ackgrounds. The touch exotic, extolled so, 
for this be-bright year. Rayon twill, 
hand-rolled edges, about $3. 

S«nd for our sromour frooW.t CM>2 "Moodjquor, into MTyfi ^oih.on " 

C3^d3v^^sp by bvu\ba!! 

9 EAST 38th STREET • NEW YORK 16 




Mis6 Elizabeth W. Manwaring, 
Chairman of the Department of 
English Composition is one of the 
judges of a $1500 prize contest 
sponsored by Tomorrow Magazine. 
The best short story and the best 
article will each receive a first 
prize of $500, while the second 
prize in both categories will be 
$250. 

The contest, which is open to 
all college students, will close May 
1, 1946, and the winning story and 
article will appear in the December, 
194G issue of Tomorrow. All manu- 
scripts, however, whether or not 
they receive awards, will be con- 
sidered for publication. 

Choice of subject matter is left 
to the discretion of the contestants, 
and manuscripts may range from 
2500 to 5000 words. The notation 
"Entry for College Contest" along 
with the name and address of the 
contestant must appear on the 
envelope and also on the first page 
of each manuscript. Return post- 
age must be included, and all en- 
tries should be mailed to: College 
Contest, Tomorroio, 11 East 44th 
street, New York 17, N. Y. 

In addition to Miss Manwaring, 
the board of judges include Allen 
Tate of the University of the 
South, Professor William Black- 
burn of Duke University, and 
Stringfellow Barr, President of St 
John's College. 

o 

Free Press - 

(Continued from Page 2) 
no doubt attained much "higher 
goals" than we already, in terms 
of individual achievement and 
understanding — although they did 
not attain it in the very acceptable 
atmosphere in which we have been 
situated. 

The point is, it is not a great 
achievement to graduate from col- 
lege, nor does it take a distin- 
guished or outstanding person to 
do so. It merely takes a little ver- 
bal ability and some perseverance 
— traits which are not limited to 
Eastern college students, and 
which are not necessities for a 
liberal education, although they 
are helpful in attaining it. We can 
all name people who might more 
profitably have been washing win- 
dows for four years than attending 
Wellesley, and for every one of 
these we can name an outstanding 
person who never attended college. 
The desirable achievement comes 
mostly in recognizing what the 
"goal" is we have bien trying to 
attain— and the goal is not "a de- 
gree from Wellesley." 

For this reason, the alumnae 
ring ought to be worn more with 
trepidation than with pride, for 
"the people we meet" whom it is 
desirable to impress will not be won 
to us the_ moment we flash an 
alumnae ring in their faces; how- 
ever, such action may prompt them 
to start looking for something — 
perhaps rather wistfully. And it is 
when people begin looking for the 
results of the time we have spent 
here that we are liable to exper- 
ience some embarrassment — for 
search as we may, we will find that 
liberal education tucked somewhere 
behind the print on our diploma. 

Wellesley is an ideal place to 
achieve a growth in our liberal edu- 



On Return From London 
Will Speak at Wellesley 

Alice Horton, Wellesley '45, has 
been chosen the American repre- 
sentative to the World Youth Par- 
liament proposed by the World 
Youth Conference in London, No- 
vember 7. Alice was the delegate 
from the USSA, the only student 
group to have sent a representa- 
tive. 

Alice was an active member in 
campus activities while at Welles- 
ley. During her senior year she 
was Chairman of the Social Action 
Committee of Forum. 

The World Youth Parliament 
will meet at least once a year and 
the executive committee once every 
three months. Among the aims 
stated in the preamble of the pro- 
posed constitution are close inter- 
national cooperation among youth 
in the fields of politics, economics, 
cultural and social activities; help 
in the extirpation of fascism, and 
assistance to governments in in- 
suring peace and security. 

Alice Horton will speak at Wel- 
lesley under the auspices of Forum 
when she returns from Europe. A 
letter received by the USSA gives 
some of her experiences connected 
with the Youth Conference. 

"We sailed from New York Oc- 
tober 19 aboard the Queen Mary 
and although she is a converted 
troop ship, the magnificence of the 
boat is still evident — with a swim- 
ming pool, several dining rooms 
and all of the glamorous trim- 
mings. There are 21 of us in the 
American delegation, and we were 
joined by the Cuban, Ecuadorian, 
Canadian and part of the Chinese 
delegations. Time on board not 
spent planning for the conference 
was spent dancing and talking. 

One of the things the mixed 
negro and white delegation was 
faced with on board was the prob- 
lem of discrimination. Four out 
of five of the negro delegates were 
given segregated quarters, two 
Chinese men were put together, 
a Bahaman and a Jamican were 
put together. We registered a 
strong protest, approached the 
Captain to see what could be done. 
After listening to our story, the 
Captain stated that there was no 
policy of segregation on his ship, 
and if segregated quarters had 
been assigned, it was done by the 
Cunard Line officials. He directed 
us to see one of the staff officers 
about a reassignment of rooms, 
and agreed to transmit for us a 
letter to the Cunard Line protest- 
ing their segregation policy. 

cation, but it is not a factory 
which hands out this product to 
those who pay their money and sit 
in classes. It is a place where 
people who know what they want — 
in the ability to think and under- 
stand and appreciate — can seek 
and develop this ability, and the 
chance should foster not smug- 
ness, but humbleness — because on 
every hand we observe people who 
could have made better use of the 
opportunity than we have. 

And although it might be grati- 
fying to sit back and verbally 
preen ourselves as one of "a small, 
oustanding per cent of the women 
of the world," it would not be very 

(Continued on Page 8, Col. 1) 



STAGE 

Bobby Clark in The Would-Be Gentleman, final week WILBUR 
Maurice Evans in Hamlet, final week OPERA HOUSE 

Billion Dollar Buby with Mitzi Green, Joan McCracken. 

Through Dec. 15 SHUBERT 

Oklahoma through Dee. 15 COLONIAL 

Betty Field in Drcum Girl, final week PLYMOUTH 

Kreisler, Sun. aft., Dec. 9 SYMPHONY HALL 

IN PROSPECT 

"Pygmalion" with Gertrude Lawrence and Raymond Massey. 
Opening Dec. 10 for two weeks 

"Dunnigan's Daughter"' with Dennis King, June Havoc, and 

t\! lA^ NEX , T THEA TRE GUILD PLAY. Opening 
Dec. 10 for two weeks 

"^rfW^S^i n , ew L con ?^y by Gai-son Kanin, with Jean 
Arthur and Paul Douglas. Opening Christmas night 

™u atG r? e0r - ge A ,?v e ?" With ori «? inal cast headed by Leo Car- 
roll. Opening Christmas night 

Handel and Haydn Society in the "Messiah" Sun. eve. Dec 16 
and Mon. eve., Dec. 17 ' 

WELLESLEY THEATRE TICKET AGENCY 

WELLESLEY THRIFT SHOP 

34 Church Street Welleiley 

Open Daily 9:30 to 5:30, except for the 

lunch hour, 11:45 to 12:45 

Ticket, ordered for all Boston theatre, and event, at Symphony Hall. 
25c icrv.ce fee charged on each ticket 



On Saturday, October 28, after 
waiting two days near the Isle of 
Wight for a gale to wear itself 
out, we arrived in London. The 
World Youth Conference did a 
magnificent job finding places for 
all of us to stay in London where 
the housing shortage is very much 
worse than in New York; some 
were quartered in boarding houses, 
many in private homes, and others 
in Y.W.C.A's. I was put out with 
four other members of the Amer- 
ican delegation — in a boarding 
house in East Hamstead, about 
twenty minutes by tube from the 
center of London. 

The opening rally of the confer- 
ence was held the night we ar- 
rived. There were over 60 
countries represented, by over 600 
people, many in their native 
costumes, and all carrying 
their country's flag. Sir Stafford 
Cripps made the opening speech 
and there were many greetings 
from eminent statesmen among 
them — President Truman and His 
Majesty, the King. 

I've had great fun talking to 
members of different delegations 
at odd hours of the day in informal 
bull sessions. You never know 
what language they're going to 
use, but most of the Europeans 
put us to shame with their knowl- 
edge of English. There were five 
official languages at the confer- 
ence^ — English, French, Spanish, 
Russian, and Chinese. The govern- 
ing body of the conference was a 
presidium composed of three 
members of the larger delegations, 
two from the middle sized ones, 
and one from the others. 

At the opening session of the 
conference on November 1, a plea 
for international control of the 
atomic bomb by the UNO was 
called for by the American dele- 
gation representing youth organ- 
izations with more than 2,000,000 
members. The U. S. delegation 
also sought support of the 600 
delegates for resolutions branding 
the present Spanish and Argentine 
governments as "Fascist" and 
called upon the American govern- 
ment to break relations with both 
countries." 

Frosh Electing 
Gym,Swimming 
Modern Dance 

All Freshmen are now enrolled 
in a course dealing with Funda- 
mentals of Movement and Condi- 
tioning for the winter sports sea- 
sons, Miss Elizabeth Beall, As- 
sociate Professor of the Depart- 
ment of Hygiene and Physical 
Education has announced. If quali- 
fied for strenuous activities, they 
may take this work in one of 
three ways: in swimming, in dance 
techniques, or in gymnastics. 
Those restricted to medium and 
light activities, or who need spec- 
ial help in posture are given a 
course in "Fundamentals" adapted 
to their needs. 

In all these courses the common 
objective is the development of 
physical fitness. This involves im- 
provement in the ability to handle 
the body efficiently in everyday 
life, in lifting, climbing, walking, 
running, jumping, sitting, stand- 
ing, falling; in the development of 
coordination and in the ability to 
relax. 

According to Miss Beall, in order 
to reduce excessive tension in 
muscles, it is necessary to learn the 
art of relaxine them at will. She 
termed "wrinkling the forehead, 
frowning, twisting the hair around 
one finger when studying, swing- 
ing the foot up and down, and 
hunching the shoulders manifesta- 
tions of this tension." Under the 
Jacobson technique used here at 
Wellesley, students learn how to 
check these nonessential move- 
ments and to relax various parts of 
the body. Former students in "Fun- 
damental" enthusiastically report 
"considerable benefit." 

By gradually increasing the 
number of lengths of the pool 
covered each time, swimmers 
build up endurance. Starting with 
two lengths, they slowly add to this 
until by the end of the course they 
are swimming eighteen lengths, a 
quarter of a mile. 

Principles of lifting are put in- 
to practice in gymnastics when 
moving apparatus, and in swim- 
mincr when taking out the canoe or 
surfboard. Miss Beall noted that 
"throughout the course the attempt 
is made to apply principles to 
practice so that these principles 
may be applied to the activities of 
daily life." 



WELLESLEY COLLEGE NEWS, DECEMBER 6, 1945 



British Reports Vital Spanish Club 

In Economic Recovery Celebrates At 

David E. Owen, History Lecturer, Optimistic Holiday Party 
On English Prospects In Post War World 



"If Great Britain solves her 
economic problem, she will be a 
great power, but not a super power 
as the United States and Russia," 
prophesied David E. Owen, of the 
Department of History at Harvard 
and an expert on British and Im- 
perial History, who spoke at a 
dinner for history majors and 
members of the department Fri- 
day, November 23, in the Recrea- 
tion Building. 

The essential problem for Eng- 
land in the next ten or fifteen 
years is paying for her imports. 
Since the overseas investments 
used during the nineteenth cen- 
tury for this purpose are no long- 
er available, Britain must make 
a huge_ increase in goods exported. 
According to Mr. Owen this will 
be possible only if the volume of 
international trade is greatly ex- 
panded and if England gets her 
share of it. "Export or die is 
not a picture from the imagina- 
tion, but a matter of the grim 
truth," Mr. Owen declared. 

"Britain cannot carry on the 
same world policy that she fol- 
lowed in the nineteenth century. 
She is no longer the world's po- 
liceman. Her foreign policy must 
he proportioned to her resources 
and her backing from the United 
States. She is still a great power 
because of her geographic posi- 
tion, various strategic posts, her 
navy, political experience, admin- 
istrative skill, and a national will 
for survival," Mr. Owen pointed 
nut, "but in the future she will 

Book Review - 

(Continued from Page 5) 
camaraderie; but here tne author 
fictionalizes his reporting, to give 
it unity and increased human in- 
terest, and to make it more pala- 
table to foreign readers. 

The unflagging heroism of the 
Red Army is embodied in battalion 
commander Alexei Ivanovich Sa- 
burov, who for seventy days and 
nights, from September 12, 1942, 
defends a sector of Stalingrad 
from the enemy. In his defense of 
the ruined apartment houses that 
make up his sector, Saburov and 
his comrades exhibit all the un- 
selfishly heroic techniques of the 
Red Army, carry out the tradi- 
tional feats of valor, and display 
the utter exhaustion but still 
greater will to carry on of the 
Russian people. They fight in 
spite of wounds and regardless of 
the gaps in their ranks and the 
impossibility of replacements. Sa- 
burov unmasks and throttles with 
his own hands a Soviet traitor 
who has been supplying the Nazis 
with vital information. 

Captain Saburov's love for Anya 
Klimenko, an 18-year-old army 
nurse, is the real core of the novel. 
Their story is told simply, effec- 
tively, and readably throughout. 
By contrast to Anya's youthful 
idealism and delicacy, the effect 
of the war in hardening and aging 
Saburov beyond his years is 
heightened. Saburov's constant 
concern over Anya's dangerous 
work increases the suspense of 
the novel. 

Neither Anya nor Saburov is 
remarkable for any complexity of 
character. While they are at all 
times real, they are at no time 
exceptional in their thoughts or 
actions. There is even something 
a bit childish, a bit undeveloped 
about both of them. This is still 
more true of the lesser characters, 
who are traditional black and 
white figures. One wishes that 
the author had spared more time 
from his political and moral glori- 
fication of the Russian people and 
the Red Army to tell us how these 
People really felt. Perhaps only 
now that the battle is over, in the 
c °ol light of retrospect, will Si- 
nionov or some other Soviet writer 
f eel that he has time to speak 
more calmly and at greater length 
°f the real effect of the war on 
the Soviet people — heroism and 
inspirational writing set aside. 

In spite of its shortcomings, 
Days and Nights has great inter- 
not only as an account of the 
defense of Stalingrad, but also as 
J novel representative of what is 
being written in the Soviet Union 
today. Simonov's own career has 
' l similar interest. Bom two years 
l, °fore the Revolution, he worked 
a . s a turnci in a factory from the 
time he was 15 until he was 20. 
Hi* literary career began when his 
Poetry appeared on the wall news- 
iei of his factory. In 1934 he 
ed the Literary Institute of 
the Writers' Union, from which 
ne graduated in 1937. Two years 



become much more of a great 
European power and much less of 
a world power because she de- 
pends so much on collaboration 
between the Big Three. She is 
much more vulnerable than either 
Russia or the United States." 

Major strategic interests for 
Great Britain are the creation 
of an international basis for se- 
curity in a reasonable working 
order; security of the home is- 
lands and security of the sea lanes 
of the empire. She is weakened 
by the seriousness of her econ- 
omic situation, by her disadvan- 
tages in population and manpow- 
er, and by her growing depen- 
dency on the Continent, a position 
replacing her former one of hold- 
ing the balance of power in re- 
lation to the Continent. Mr. Owen 
is not, however, despondent at 
this rather gloomy picture of the 
future of England, since he feels 
that "with favorable situations 
Britain might pop up and sur- 
prise us all." 



Dream Girl - 

(Continued from Page 5) 
Georgina realizes she is late for 
work, and the dream ends. 

It is the unexpectedness of the 
dreams which contributes much of 
its variety to the play. Georgina's 
elastic mind is likely to conceive 
of anything from a sordid death 
in a red-light district to Mexico 
in the spring, with colorful cabal- 
leros serenading her as she poses 
on a patio. And Betty Field, in 
the leading role, succeeds very 
well in characterizing a naive, 
imaginative girl for whom an un- 
real world becomes surprisingly 
concrete in form. 

The stage management of Dream 
Girl presented rather difficult prob- 
lems, which have not yet been en- 
tirely perfected. It is necessary, 
in order to portray the dreams, 
to move about a great many dif- 
ferent sets, sometimes as many as 
three of them being visible at once. 
The usual procedure which has 
been decided upon is to have a 
specific set move on and then with- 
draw at the end of the dream, as 
the set in which the dream began 
is rolled back on. Sunch maneuv- 
ers are, of course, difficult to 
manipulate skilfully, and in some 
instances, characters walking out 
backward from a dream scene 
would collide with an on-moving 
set, or too long a space of time 
would elapse before the re-estab- 
lishment of an original set. 

Dream Girl is not as successful 
an interpretation of psychic pro- 
cesses as was ady in the Dark — 
perhaps some of this is due to the 
fact that while Betty Field is an 
adequate actress, she is, after all, 
not Gertrude Lawrence. But al- 
though the present play may not 
be an exceptional comedy, it is a 
bright, humorous exposition of a 
rather pretty theme which points 
out the fact that excessive dream- 
ing will incapacitate an individual 


Peg French - 

(Continued from Page 5) 
clarity which marked her execu- 
tion were particularly praise- 
worthy, as well as her careful 



Christmas customs of South 
American countries were observed 
at the Christmas meeting which 
La Tertulia held December 4 at 
7:30 in AKX. The formal part of 
the party was a discussion by Dr. 
William Berrien of Harvard on 
"Facundo and New Egnland." 

Connie Long '46, president, 
opened the traditional Christmas 
party with a greeting to members 
in the customary Spanish manner. 
Refreshments, entertainment, and 
decorations carried out the spirit 
of Christmas in South America." 

All students studying Spanish 
at Wellesley are automatically 
members of La Tertulia. 

Art Crit - 

(Continued from Page 5) 
The usual procedure which has 
been decided upon is to have a 
specific set move on and then with- 
draw at the end of the dream, as 
the set in which the dream began 
is rolled back on. Such maneuv- 
along academic lines, but he grad- 
ually freed himself from his limi- 
tations and developed a highly in- 
dividual and personal style. His 
brilliant career was cut short by 
World War I. He died in 1916 at 
the German front, and therefore 
had no actual connection with the 
Nazi regime. He was neither Jew 
nor Communist, but Hitler found 
his imaginative use of color de- 
generate, and had his paintings 
removed from the Museum gal- 
leries. 

Another interesting figure whose 
works are represented in the ex- 
hibit is Josef Scharl. The Artist 
Bavarian Associations have left a 
strong imprint on his style. His 
paintings bear much of the same 
feeling as the folk art for which 
his province is famous. It is not 
surprising that he should have 
been persecuted by the Gestapo as 
many of his paintings are anti- 
militaristic and satirize social con- 
ditions in the Reich. 

Massacre of the Infants 19/,2 is 
a strange and moving memorial to 
the children who were slaughtered 
in Guernica and other cities which 
felt the weight of Nazi destruction. 
The somber colors add to the ef- 
fectiveness of the subject, but as 
with the brighter colored Uniform, 
his color is super-decorative in 
conception. Scharl is outstanding 
for his work in restoring medieval 
churches and castles as well as for 
his original art. 

It is impossible here to analyze 
all the artists represented in the 
exhibit. Klee, Kandinsky Feining- 
er, and Grosz need no introduction, 
but such talented artists as Karl 
Schmitt-Rottluff, Ernest Barlack, 
Max Beckmann, and many others 
are less well-known bv the college 
community. The exhibit is one that 
shouldn't be missed, as the artists 
have produced much of the great- 
est art of the twentieth century. 
There is still time this week-end to 
see it before vacation begins. 



phrasing and general musician- 
ship. Skillful integration of solo- 
ist and orchestra served to make 
the last selection the climax of an 
extremely successful concert 




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We ore handling a high grade of Men's Furnishings, 
including the Footjoy Shoe 

Do your Xmas Shopping for Dad and Brother in our 
newly redecorated store under the Stop and Shop 



The Forum Committee on 
World Federation needs people. 
Your spare time will make it 
a better committee, for the 
more people that are working, 
the better is the job that can 
be done. 

Sign up on your house bul- 
letin board today, and the 
committee will get in touch 
with you. People are needed 
for: 

1. Writing letters to promi- 
nent figures who come out for 
and against world federation, 
to indicate your support or 
disapproval. 

2. Writing letters to maga- 
zines each week, to let them 
know of Wellesley's activities, 
and to indicate support or dis- 
approval of their articles. 

3. Doing research during 
Christmas and later on a se- 
ries of articles about the prac- 
tical effects of a World Fed- 
eration. (For example, how 
might different ideologies be 
reconciled, how would it ef- 
fect Russia, what would hap- 
pen to our standard of living, 
etc.) These articles will be 
printed for college consump- 
tion. 

4. Trying to start similar 
groups in other colleges 
through letters, speeches, etc. 

5. If none of these suit you, 
but you would like to work on 
the committee, sign your name. 
We can find plenty for you to 
do. 



C.A. Week-end - 

(Continued from Page /,) 
Onderdonk and Mr. Herbert Gale. 
Faculty Advisers, Kay Warner, 
'46, President; Elinor Peck '46, 
Vice-President; Virginia Beach 
'47, Chairman of Freshman Coun- 
cil; Margaret Downing '47, Secre- 
tary; Sally Powell '48, Treasurer; 
Phyllis Roberson '46, Head of Wor- 
ship Committee; Maiy Alice Carey 
'48, Head of Conference Commit- 
tee; Carol Southworth '46, Head of 
Christmas Bazaar; Hope Freeman 
'47, Publicity Chairman; Margery 
Spindler '46, and Nancy Potter '46, 
Heads of Social Work; Eleanor 
Stone '46, Head of Reconstruction 
Committee; Mary Zeller '48, Head 
of Library and Lounge Commit- 
tee; Elsie Lee. Margaret Barnes, 
Phoebe Gosheider, and Jean Mc- 
Couch, representing the Freshman 
Council; Elizabeth Evans '47, rep- 
resenting the Upper-Class Council; 
and Helen Schwartz '47, as a mem- 
ber of the General Committee of 
the New England Student Chris- 
tian Movement. 



Critic Praises 
'Oklahoma' Cast 
For GreatS how 

by Dot Mott '48 
Although many great plays have 
come, gone, and been forgotten in 
Boston's Colonial Theatre, Okla- 
homa! will undoubtedly take its 
place among the greatest. From 
any point of view this may be judg- 
ed the "most distinctly American 
musical since Showboat." It was 
this genuine Americana in Okla- 
homa! that made the Theatre 
Guild anxious to produce this im- 
portant play, rich in American 
pioneer history and humor. There 
is a common belief among theatri- 
cal and other well informed circles 
that Oklahoma! is not just a Broad- 
way musical, but part of the per- 
manent literary and musical heri- 
tage of America. 

No one who has seen this play 
will ever forget the performance of 
Ali (Persian for goodby) Hakim, 
the Persian peddler. Playing his 
twelfth nationality in this part, 
David Morris is a firm disbeliever 
in "type casting." Contending that 
any good actor can play any part 
that comes his way, he has proven 
his point throughout his career. He 
has played an Irish boy in Hilda 
Cassidy, a Jewish boy in On Your 
Toes, a German in Berlin, a Rus- 
sian in Squaring the Circle, an 
American in Big Hearted Herbert, 
a Greek in By Jupiter, and a Scot 
in The Best of Families. He admits 
that a Dane may be added to the 
above, for he played Osric in Ham- 
let. 

Aunt Eller, of June is Bustin' 
Out All Over" fame will live in the 
hearts of her audience as a typical 
example of lovable homespun 
qualities. Mary Mario, the real life 
"Aunt Eller" is well known to au- 
diences throughout England and 
America, having toured both 
countries extensively in musical 
comedies. Born and brought up in 
Mario's father owned the Variety 
Theatre in New York, and it was 
natural for her to follow a theatri- 
cal career. In vaudeville she won 
unusual acclaim for her character- 
izations, and was given a role in 
Naughty Marietta. 

Mary Hatcher has achieved the 
very great distinction of "being the 
only dark-haired actress to play 
Laurie," the feminine lead of Okla- 
homa! A young: coloratura soprano, 
( Continued on Page 8, Col. S) 




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WELLESLEY COLLEGE NEWS, DECEMBER 6, 1945 



Calendar 

Sunday. December 2: *11:00 a.m. 
Memorial Chapel. Preacher, Dean 
Charles I* Taylor, Jr.. Episcopal Theo- 
logical School, Cambridge. *7:30 p.m. 
Tower Court. Discussion : "How to 
Believe What." Speaker: Dr. Paul 
Lohmann. (Christian Association and 
ill church groups.) 

Monday. December 3: *S:lo a.m.. 
Chapel. Leader: Mrs. Morion. 
Chapel. Leader: Mrs. Horton. '3:30- 
9:30 p.m.. Alumnae Hall. Christmas 
Bazaar. (Christian Association.) •7:00- 
7:30 p.m.. Tower Court. Preach Christ- 
mas Carols. 

Tuesday, December 4: *S :15 a.m.. 
Chapel. Leader: Miss Howard. 7:30 
p.m.. Alpha Kappa Chi House. Meet- 
ing of La Tertulia. 

Wednesday, December 5: 'S :lf> a. in.. 
Chapel. Leader: Mr. Gale, 'i :40 p.m.. 
IVridleton Hall. Lecture: "Madame de 
Stael et Napoleon," by LaComtesse 
Jean de Pange. (Department of 
French.) This lecture was formerly 
scheduled for Xovember 26. *S :ir> p.m., 
Tau Zeta Epsilon House. Christmas 
Meeting of Deutscher Verein. 

Thursday, December 6: •8:15 a.m.. 
Chapel. Leader: Ann Haymond. "40. 
t :00 p.m.. Green Hall. Faculty Assem- 
bly Room. Academic Council. *i :00 
p.m.. Christian Association Lounge. 
Discussion: "Economic Rehabilita- 
tion." (Forum International Relations 
Club and Domestic Affairs Group.) 
•7:00-7:30 p.m.. Claflin. Spanish 
Christmas Songs. »S :30 p.m.. Alumnae 
HalL The Budapest String Que 
presents an evening of chamber music : 
Mozart. Milhaud. Beethoven. (Welles- 
I. y Concert Scries.) 

Friday, December 7: *8:X5 
i hnpel. Leader: Miss Waterman. 
M :40 p.m., Memorial Chapel. Verse 
Speaking Choir Christmas Recital. 
(Department of Speech.) •8:30 p.m., 
Alumnae Hall. Bams wallows' Second 
Fall ProducUon: "The Tidings Brought 
to Mary," by Paul Claudel. 

Saturday, December 8: *8:16 a.m.. 
ChapeL Leader: Mrs. Horton. »S :00 
p.m.. Alumnae Hall. Barnswallows' 
Second Fall Production: "The Tidings 
Brought to Mary." 

Sunday, December 0: *11:00 a.m., 
Memorial Chapel. Christmas Carol 
Service. Details to be announced 
later. *S :00 p.m., Memorial Chapel. 
Christmas Vespers. Wellesley College 
Choir, Margaret M. Macdoi.ald, Con- 
ductor. Christmas carols by Praeto- 
rlus, Bach, Hoist, and carols of va- 
rious countries. 

Monday, December 10: *8 :15 a.m.. 
Chapel. Leader: Mrs. Horton. *7 :30 
p.m.. Pendleton Hall. Lecture ■ '.The 
Arabs and the Palestine Question," by 
Dr. Nejla Izzeddin, first delegate of 
the Arab Office. (Departments of His- 
tory and Political Science and Forum.) 

Tuesday. December 11: *8 :15 a.m., 
Chapel. Leader: Miss Goodfellow. 
7 :00 p.m.. Shakespeare House. Meet- 
ing of Clrcolo Italiano. II Natale nella 
llrica italiano. *S :00 p.m., Memorial 
Chapel. Lecture : "Impressions of 
Japan Today," by Dr. Douglas Horton. 
(Maylling Soong Foundatimi. < bllege 
Lecture Committee and Christian As- 
sociation.) 

Wednesday, December 12: "8:16 a.m., 
Chapel. Leader: Alice Dodds, "40. 

Thursday, December 18: *8:15 a.m., 
Chapel. Leader : Mrs. Horton. 3 :30 
P.m., Christmas recess begins. 

EXHIBITIONS 

•Wellesley College Art Museum. De- 
cember 3-16. Paintings and sculpture 
by the Wellesley Society of Artists. 

•Wellesley College Library'. Upper 
South Exhibition. The Greek and Latin 
classics become the property of the 
people. North Exhibition Hall. The 
development of Italian historiography 
through three centuries. The Plimp- 
ton Collection will be open on Tues- 
day and Thursday afternoons from 
2:00-4:00 p.m. 

•Open to the public. 

Occasional changes in schedule may 
be ascertained by telephoning the In- 
formation Office. Wellesley 0320. 



Free Press - 

(Continued from Page 6) 
practical because each of us will 
undoubtedly find ourselves fre- 
quently outclassed by state univer- 
sity graduates, Podunk College 
graduates, and "liberal" people of 
all walks of life. 

1946. 



Miss Ringo Discusses F.T.C.'s Holiday Bazaar 
Case Against Set Prices in Steel Features Dolls. 



Choosing steel as "the back- 
bone of our economy," Miss Eliza- 
beth F. Ringo of the Department 
of Economics discussed the Fed- 
eral Trade Commission's case 
against set prices in the steel in- 
dustry in a lecture Monday, Dec- 
ember 3 for the Economics 101 
classes. 

Miss Ringo declared that the 
1945 argument is against the set- 
ting of prices by U. S. Steel, the 
dominant firm of the industry, 
and their being followed by other 
companies, by means of setting 
up "basic" points of distribution 
about the country — the division of 
areas of equal freight charges to 
eliminate price competition. Since 
all the larger firms follow U. S. 
Steel, a company that wished to 
sell beyond its area of distribu- 
tion would have to absorb the 
excess freight charges. 

Tracing this method of price 
agreement from the early "Car- 
negie System gang," that simply 
settled on one price, Miss Ringo 
then discussed the "Pittsburgh- 
plus system" whereby U. S. Steel 
set prices to include the freight 
charge from Pittsburgh. This ar- 
rangement eliminated much west- 
ern competition, i.e., a manufac- 
turer in Gary, Indiana, would re- 
ceive the same price for his steel 
shipped to Boston at a high 
freight rate as the Pittsburgh 
company. This resulted in loss 
for the distant manufacturer, yet 
he also made a profit by selling 
locally and charging "phantom 
freight." This Pittsburgh-plus- 
transportation system was de- 
clared illegal in 1924 by the Fed- 
eral Trade Commission as viola- 
tion of the Sherman Act and the 
Clayton Anti-trust Act. 

Miss Ringo declared that FTC's 
case against the present system 
of price fixing by having many 
points of distribution in the coun- 
try, all selling at the prices set 
by U. S. Steel, is that it elimi- 
nated competition. She predicted 
that the Supreme Court would 
take action against this basing 
system, since the FTC advocates 



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an F.O.B. price. 

She also pointed out the steel 
industry's defense that an F.O.B. 
arrangement would result in price 
war at a loss to investors, while a 
stable price is also easier for the 
buyers. 

The 1945 argument, that may 
have to be settled by the Supreme 
Court, said Miss Ringo, is that the 
steel industry does not have a bas- 
ing point near every main center 
of population and therefore too 
many companies have to transport 
their own steel and still pay higher 
transportation charges. To rem- 
edy this, FTC will ask voluntary 
adherance to the F.O.B. price ar- 
rangement; this failing, the Su- 
preme Court will probably take ac- 
tion. 



Oklahoma Interview - 

(Continued from Page 7) 
she is making her stage debut in 
this part. Born in Florida, she sang 
as soon as she learned to talk. At 
the age of nine she was a local cele- 
brity, her radio program over the 
Tampa station was one of the most 
popular in the city. She is under 
contract with Paramount pictures. 
Curley, who sets the tone for the 
production at the very beginning 
with "O What a Beautiful Morn- 
ing," is the "straight, honest 
puncher, with a zest for living and 
a twinkle in both eyes." Jimmy 
Alexander, who plays the role in 
the Boston production, is a native 
of Indiana. As a boy he sang in 
church choirs, and began to take 
music seriously at the College of 
Music in Chicago. He started his 
acting career as a member of a 
stock company, touring Mexico and 
South America. 



"Christmas in Many Lands," 
the first C A. Christmas Bazaar 
to be held in Alum since the be- 
ginning of the war, featured over 
40 holiday exhibits during the af- 
ternoon and evening of Monday, 
December 3. Carol Southworth 
'46 was general chairman for the 
day. 

Six pairs of nylon stockings, raf- 
fled as a highlight of the bazaar, 
were won by Mrs. F. May Beggs, 
DeForest Freeman, Sarai Golomb, 
Jane Sanford, and Joan Youmans. 

On Tuesday the 650 dolls dis- 
played under international flags 
during the bazaar were shipped 
to Boston settlement houses. Priz- 
es for the best knitting went to 
Nellie Kingsbury and Joan Fox 
'49. Mary Ann Berry '49, Ev- 
elyn Wakefield '46, and Nickie 
Passburg '46 produced the Best 
Boys. Best Baby prize was won 
by Barbara Warner '49 and Dor- 
othy McCutcheon '40, while in the 
infinitesimal realm Barbara Grahn 
'46 was awarded for the Best Lit- 
tle Baby. 



Botanists Offer 
Plant Housing 

The Department of Botany has 
a limited amount of space in the 
greenhouses for the storage, at 
owner's risk, of college plants over 
the Christmas vacation. Plants 
to be cared for should be delivered 
to Room 21A, Sage Hall (next to 
the greenhouses) not later than 
Monday, December 10. They must 
be removed from the greenhouses 
by Thursday, January 10. Any 
plants remaining after that date 



Around the Vil 

Hi there! Do YOU realize that 
there is only one short week for 
you to Christmas shop here in Wel- 
lesley. Witn this in mind we trot- 
ted off to the 'Vil to see what we 
could do to help old Saint Nick 
make this a tres gay Christmas. 
One of the best places we know of 
to get just the right gift for every- 
one from Sister Sue to Great Aunt 
Luzina is HILL AND DALE. They 
have very gay and dainty lingerie 
sets not to mention glamorous 
jewelry and fluffy mittens and ear- 
muffs. Best bet for a Merry Christ- 
mas is to shop at HILL AND 
DALE. 

It's just the right time NOW 
to take those things down to the 
COLLEGE TAXI COMPANY and 
have them packed or crated to 
send home. 

There's just enough time for one 
more trip over to the CANDLE- 
WICK CABIN, located near the 
Ford Motor Co. The CABIN, 
which is Wellesley's community 
furniture and clothing exchange, 
will be glad to purchase your extra 
clothes or room furnishings, and 
give you the where-withal to do 
your Merry Christmas shopping. 

"It's been a long long time" 
since we've been home, and the 
Christmas Express is one train we 
really don't want to miss. So we're 
going to be wise and call LE 
BLANC TAXI at Wellesley 1600. 
They'll see that we make the train 
with time to spare. 



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January. 





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